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Treatment

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TB is treated with antibiotics

TB is treated always by taking several different medicines at the same time. Treatment continues at least for six months. The treatment can last longer if the disease is severe. After the treatment has started, the risk of transmission is usually rapidly reduced.

To get cured, it is important to follow instructions carefully. Medication should be taken regularly. If people with TB disease stop taking medicines too soon, they can become ill again. If they do not take all medicines correctly, the TB bacteria can become resistant to those drugs. Then, the disease is harder to treat.

If the patient has drug-resistant TB, he/she is treated with a combination of five or six drugs. Treatment lasts usually for two years.

If the patient is infectious, he/she is treated in a special airborne infection isolation room in the hospital. Isolation prevents the spread of TB to other patients and staff in the hospital. For this reason the patient is in a single room and the movement of the patient in the facility is restricted. Read more about isolation.